Focusing on the words is good, but do not neglect the punctuation. Pay attention to capitalized words, missing or extra commas, periods used incorrectly, and so on.
Print it out
It is easier, more efficient, and faster to find mistakes in writing by printing text off onto paper and reading (reading out aloud also helps to find mistakes), rather than reading on a computer screen. This is why we use this method at eigoclinic.
Read backwards for spelling checks
The brain automatically corrects misspelled words unconsciously, so you may miss mistakes. One way to stop this (and find the mistakes) is to read backwards
Ask someone to proofread
A “fresh pair of eyes” always helps when you are trying to correct/improve anything. This is also why we at eigoclinic always proofread a document twice. After the first check, take a break, and then do the second check when refreshed.
Spell check function
Spell check of Word is very helpful, but be very careful with medical/scientific words, as it may change a correct word, e.g., ganglioma, to an incorrect one, e.g., ganglia, because it does not recognize the word.
Whether you are an experienced traveler or take a trip once every couple of years, here is a checklist to make sure that you are safe and lessen the chance of stress.
• Take comfortable, easy to clean clothes.
• Write your contact address inside your check-in luggage
• Put a photocopy of your passport in your carry-on luggage, separate from your passport
• Go to the airport info desk to get free maps and tourist information
• Allow yourself time at the airport, don’t rush.
• Buy traveler’s checks. Take small amounts of local money –credit cards and traveler’s checks are safer.
• Check that your passport is valid for at least 6 months.
• Make sure you have travel insurance.
• Have a web-based email address to get in touch with family and friends
• Don’t pack too much! Leave space for souvenirs.
* Giving a speech in a foreign language is a challenging task and cultural differences may be apparent, so knowing what type of audience you’ll be addressing is essential.
1) Research the country and type of audience beforehand. Western audiences largely prefer an explicit ( direct ) form of communication whereas in Japan an implicit (indirect ) style of communication is preferred. A logical format to your presentation will be expected.
2) To avoid any cultural mishaps keep tuned-in to how your audience is reacting to you, the information you are presenting and the words you use. Changes in facial expressions my be a sign. Be prepared to adjust or change your approach if the situation warrants.
3) Avoid references to any sensitive cultural or political issue even if it is in the form of a joke. Not everyone reacts in the same way or has the same sense of humor, so if you use levity in your presentation keep to a “safe” topic.
4) As levels of formality are different in Japan from many Western countries a change of approach is often required. Japan is a hierarchical based society where positions are clearly defined and over-familiarity is frowned upon. Western audiences will expect a more informal style where the speaker attempts to connect with the audience as opposed to being more distant.
There are 2 different kinds of articles in English: the definite (the) and the indefinite articles ( a, an)
*The indefinite article precedes an unspecific singular count noun. The choice between “a” or “an” depends upon the sound of the following noun.
If it comes before a noun beginning with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) then “an” is used. For example: “an increasing number of patients”
If it comes before an unspecific singular count noun beginning with a consonant, then “a” is used. For example: “a decreasing number of patients”
* The definite article is used for specific nouns ( either count or uncountable ) whose identity is clearly known to the reader or listener. For example: ” The study is based on the first principle of band calculation. “