1) Any person who is required to give a presentation first needs to have a clear idea of what he or she wants to accomplish. This “purpose” must state the overall goal of the presentation. For example: ” To introduce a proposed protocol featuring 6-Hz-primed low frequency rTMS.” Without this general objective, the presentation will lack direction and coherency.
Coupled with this, the presentation will also have objectives that focus more on its specific goals. These will be the direct reasons for your presentation. For example: ” How this protocol affects the intensive occupational therapy for post-stroke hemiparetic patients and specifically it’s ability to improve motor function of affected upper limbs.”
Clear and methodical planning will result in a presentation that is also clear and logical.
2) Once the presenter has formulated his or her general and specific goals, the next stage of the planning process is to diagram the structure of the presentation. This acts as an overview and enables the writer to visualise and then jot down the general headings, stages and key points of the presentation before the actual body is written. Diagraming has the added benefit of making it easier to see the overall objectives and end point of the presentation. Ignoring this stage and going straight to putting pen to paper can result in speeches that have no direction or clearly defined point.
3) The structure of the presentation should be the next stage of the process. Of course, there are a wide variety of presentation topics and objectives but the basic structure will be the same or very similar for all.
The basic organization is as follows:
This includes the introduction where you will
– introduce your topic/theme/subject
– give an overview of the structure
– give guidance for the audience about the Q+A section at the end of your presentation
This refers to the main body of the presentation and is where you focus on delivering the main subject and points
This will include
– the summary of the main points
– any conclusions that your study or presentation may have revealed
– the question and answer session where you invite the audience to ask questions and/or provide feedback
If you keep to this order then your audience will have an easier time of following the structure and your main message.
The lesson here is planning, planning, planning can make for a perfect presentation!